They had already been pulled over by police last week and asked about their protest plans in a stop they posted on YouTube.
Attorneys representing the men say the charges are fabricated and aimed at intimidating activists. "We cannot say enough that we believe that these charges are absolutely … very trumped up charges," said Sarah Gelsomino of the Peoples Law Office. "Clearly in an attempt to continue this intimidation campaign on activists. Charging these people who are here to peacefully protest against NATO for terrorism, when in reality the police have been terrorizing activists in Chicago, is absolutely outrageous.
"All three of these guys, interestingly, were in the car about a week ago that was stopped and harassed by the Chicago police department," said Gelsomino. "They then posted that video online in an attempt to expose that police misconduct. Each of those three are now being charged with these crimes. That's as much as we know."
Police named the three men as Brian Church, 20, of Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, Jared Chase, 24, of Keene, New Hampshire, and Brent Vincent Betterly, 24, of Oakland Park, Massachusetts.
They were arrested in the Bridgeport area of the City after 11 p.m. on Wednesday. Chicago police dressed in black and armed with battering rams broke down doors in an apartment building, searched the units and then arrested nine protesters for allegedly making or possessing Molotov cocktails. Lawyers say it was just beer-making equipment.
"The city has so far failed to produce any evidence or the search warrant affidavit used in the raid," said Kris Hermes of the National Lawyers Guild.
When police detained the people, they also seized parts of a beer-making kit, including bottles and caps, and a cellphone, said Gelsomino.
"This is the playbook," said Gelsomino. "Shoddy police work. It's a fear campaign."
Six were released on Friday. One said he had been handcuffed for 18 hours in an "interrogation room". Others say they were never told why they were held. Police did not inform the lawyers of their whereabouts for 17 hours.
One of the released, who blogs under the name "Tarheel Dem", called on activists to flood Chicago Mayor Rahm Emmanuel's official voice-mail. "The whole charge is transparently bogus and meant for the media to reduce turnout to the march on Sunday."
William Vassilakis, who leases the apartment, said he was appalled by the raids.
"I could not be more disgusted, enraged, terrified, by and generally totally disappointed with the city of Chicago," he told the local ABC TV channel.
Intellpuke: You can read this article by Guardian feature writer and columnist Gary Younge, reporting from Chicago, Illinois, and correspondent Matt Williams, reporting from New York City, N.Y., in context here: www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/may/19/nato-protesters-terrorism-charges-bail