On the North Korean side of the Demilitarized Zone, a military guide told The Associated Press that he believes his country needs atomic weapons to defend itself against the threat of attack from the U.S.
"Nuclear weapons are not the monopoly of the United States," Lt. Col. Nam Dong Ho said. "It's my personal opinion, but I think we'll continue to conduct nuclear tests."
On Monday, the military warned in a statement carried by the state-run Korean Central News Agency that it would launch "special actions" soon against the South Korean government and conservative media.
For days, North Korea has railed against South Korean President Lee Myung-bak and conservative South Korean media for criticizing its rocket launch and the celebrations of the centennial of Kim Il Sung's birth. But the military message, attributed to the "special operation action group" of the Korean People's Army's Supreme Command, was unusual in its specificity.
"Once the above-said special actions kick off, they will reduce all the rat-like groups and the bases for provocations to ashes in three or four minutes, in much shorter time, by unprecedented peculiar means and methods of our own style," it said.
The threat comes as North Korea's new commander in chief, Kim Jong Un, makes a show of support for the "military first" policy championed by his late father and predecessor, Kim Jong Il. North Korea marks the 80th anniversary of the founding of its army Wednesday.
A South Korean Defense Ministry official, speaking on condition of anonymity in line with departmental rules, said no special military movement had been observed in the North.
There also was no outward sign of tension on the North Korean side of the Demilitarized Zone. At Panmunjom, small groups of tourists were touring the "peace" village and the buildings where the Korean War armistice was signed in 1953.
Seoul expressed worry that the threats were hurting relations.
"We urge North Korea to immediately stop this practice," Unification Ministry spokesman Kim Hyung-suk told reporters, according to the ministry. "We express deep concern that the North's threats and accusations have worsened inter-Korean ties and heightened tensions."
In November 2010, after issuing a warning to the South Korean government, North Korean troops showered artillery on a front-line island in disputed western waters held by South Korea. The attack killed four people, including two civilians.
However, it is unlikely that North Korea would launch a large-scale military attack against South Korea, which is backed by nearly 30,000 U.S. troops stationed in the South, said Kim Young-soo, a professor at Sogang University in Seoul.
Late Monday, a spokesman for the Foreign Ministry accused the U.S. of slander and of spearheading the campaign of criticism of its rocket launch. The launch prompted the U.S. to halt a Feb. 29 deal to provide Pyongyang with much-needed food aid in exchange for a moratorium on nuclear and missile activity.
In Washington, State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said North Korea "needs to understand that it's not going to achieve anything but further isolation and pressure by threats, by launches, by any of this."
Intellpuke: You can read this article by Associated Press Writer Jean H. Lee, reporting from Pyongyang, North Korea, in context here: www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/10209877
Associated Press writers Youkyung Lee and Jiyoung Won, reporting from Seoul, South Korea, contributed to this news article.